How do I use the word “to” in different occasions correctly?

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Question details:

I mean, for example, as to the phrase “I want to do sth”, there is an infinitive following the verb “want”; while in another sentence:”….have an approach to doing…” here a preposition of to is. In what occasions “to” should be regarded as a preposition while in other cases as a part of infinitive?

Answer by Mike Mendis:

When “to” is used as a preposition, it suggests direction, either facing in some direction or moving in some direction. This could be either physically or conceptually (mentally).

When “to” is part of an infinitive it has no meaning. It is simply part of the infinitive (just as “-ing” is simply part of a gerund).

In your example, the word “approach” suggests a direction (even though it is used metaphorically). When you approach something, you walk in the direction of that thing. This physical idea is also…

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